news
projects
publications
resources
people
search
contact
 
news archive
events
members
What is the CECD? 
The CECD is an AHRC funded research group dedicated to examining the evolutionary underpinnings of human cultural behaviour, past and present. more>

   
Page Title - projects
Phase 2: Theme C - Innovations in complex social networks: Project C007
Network structure, environmental change, and cultural response

SUPERVISOR: - Lake

Mark Lake (Institute of Archaeology, University College London)
Enrico R. Crema (Institute of Archaeology/Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London)

PROJECT FUNDING: Cards Against Humanity
fridge freezers

PROJECT ABSTRACT:
The analysis of ‘complex’ hunter-gatherers subsistence-settlment pattern has shown evidence of cyclic alternation between different adaptive strategies associated to demographic fluctuation and socio-cultural transformations. The project will approach these issues by assessing the evolution of the prehistoric Jomon hunter-gatherers through the use of quantitative methods and computer simulation. The principal aims of the doctoral project is to:

1) Assess the spatio-temporal pattern of the subsistence-settlement strategy of Jomon hunter-gatherers through the development of new quantitative tools specifically addressed to manage temporal uncertainty.

2) Evaluate the alternative subsistence strategies with an emphasis placed on the adaptive fitness of first and second order spatial distribution of residential units.

3) Model the process of subsistence-settlement transformation in relation to the environmental change. This will involve investigations on the structure of cultural transmission characterized by complex iterations between bottom-up and top-down forces within a complex and multi-scalar network of relationships.










FINAL PROJECT REPORT:
None Supplied

ASSOCIATED PUBLICATIONS:
Crema, E.R (in press).
Aoristic Approaches and Voxel Models for Spatial Analysis. In: Erzsébet Jerem, Ferenc Redő and Vajk Szeverényi (ed\s) On the Road to Reconstructing the Past. Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. Archaeolingua:Budapest.
M. Lake & E. Crema (2011).
The Cultural Evolution of Adaptive-Trait Diversity when Resources are Uncertain and Finite. Advances in Complex Systems.
Crema, E.R., Bevan, A.,Lake, M (2010).
A probabilistic framework for assessing spatio-temporal point patterns in the archaeological record. Journal of Archaeological Science. Vol 37:1118-1130.
Lake, M (2008).
Integrating temporal uncertainty in first and second order spatial analysis. 36th Annual Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. Budapest.